How To Feed Fussy Eaters
Getting the right nutrition is important for growing children, but it can be a struggle if your child is a fussy eater. From shaking their head and throwing food on the floor to learning the word ‘no’, a young child will have no problem letting you know if they don’t like what you serve them for dinner!
Of course, as you continue to expand your child’s menu with new tastes and textures, it’s normal for them to show a dislike for certain foods. Issues can arise when they’re saying ‘no’ more than they say ‘yes’, and getting enough healthy foods into them becomes a difficult task.
10 TIPS FOR ENCOURAGING HEALTHY EATING HABITS
Getting your child into healthy habits with food as early as possible will help to ensure that they eat a balanced diet and get the nutrition that they need to grow up happy and healthy. Here are 10 tips for encouraging good habits for kids:
“Getting the right nutrition is important for growing children, but it can be a struggle if your child is a fussy eater”
Don’t let mealtimes become a battleground. Forcing a child to eat is never a good idea and could be counterproductive in causing even more issues with food. Taking a relaxed, fun approach to mealtimes, with plenty of praise, is more likely to encourage your child to try new foods and eat more of what is on their plate.
If you have a fussy child, it can be tempting to offer them snacks. However, filling your child up with snacks will mean that they have less of an appetite for their main meals. It's fine to offer two snacks a day, but ensure that they're healthy foods that will contribute to a balanced diet. Ideas for healthy snacks could include:
- Small turkey sandwich
- Carrot and cucumber batons with houmous
- Cubes of cheese
- Yogurt with fruit
- Wholemeal pancakes
- Apple slices spread with peanut butter
- Rice cakes with houmous or cheese spread
- Corn on the cob
Fruit and vegetables are full of nutrients including essential vitamins, minerals and fibre (keep the skin on where possible to maximise the fibre content). Luckily, these foods come in a range of bright, vibrant colours that will look appealing to your child on the plate. Offer a rainbow of fruit and veg daily – you could even present the foods in a rainbow shape with a pot of dipping yogurt at the end!
- Red – strawberries, red apples, red grapes, pomegranate, cherries, tomatoes, red peppers, guava, pink grapefruit, watermelon, cranberries, raspberries
- Orange – oranges, grapefruit, carrot, mango, peach, apricots, papaya, squash, orange peppers, sweet potato
- Yellow – banana, melon, pineapple, sweetcorn, yellow peppers
- Green – cucumber, grapes, apples, avocado, watercress, broccoli, sprouts, cabbage, green beans, peas, sugarsnap peas, green peppers, kiwi fruit, zuccini
- Blue / Purple – blueberries, blackberries, purple grapes, blackcurrants, plums, prunes, raisins, dates, eggplant, figs
Sugary snacks such as biscuits, cakes, chocolate and sweets will fill your child up while offering very little or no nutritional value. Avoid these and offer naturally sweet snacks like fresh fruit and dried fruit instead.
Strong tasting or smelling foods such as fish can be off-putting for a child. However, oily fish contains essential omega 3 and 6 fatty acids (LCPs). One good trick is to 'dilute' the taste of fish by serving it with plenty of bland foods. For example, salmon and potato fishcakes, a fish pie topped with mashed potato or a tuna pasta bake.
If your child is over two, choosing whole-grain options is a good approach. Swap white bread, rice and pasta for whole-grain varieties to increase their fibre intake easily. (Whole-grain foods aren’t advised for children under 2 years old as they are very filling).
Children learn by example, so the very best way to encourage your child to eat well is to let them see you eating well. When possible, sit down as a family and make mealtimes a happy event. Let your child see you enjoying a variety of healthy foods and they should be encouraged to do the same. Older siblings can play an important role in setting a good example for younger siblings too – a 'big brother or sister job' that should lead to healthier eating habits for the whole family.
If your child is fussy they may go through a phase where they'll only happily eat one or two kinds of food. For example, they might like to eat sandwiches, cereal or pasta for every meal. As tempting as it is to just give them whatever you know they'll eat, try to continue to offer a variety of foods from the four main food groups, even if you know they're unlikely to get eaten. It can take several attempts for a child to accept that they like a new food, so don't give up!
What are the four main food groups?
- Fruit and vegetables i.e. carrots, broccoli, peas, sweetcorn, apples, oranges, pineapples, grapes, bananas
- Starchy carbohydrates i.e. potatoes, bread, rice, pasta
- Dairy or dairy alternatives i.e. milk, cheese, yogurt
- Proteins i.e. meat, fish, eggs, beans, pulses
Immunity boosting foods are especially important for growing children – particularly when they start coming into contact with more people at nursery or pre-school. Offer foods that contain immunity boosting LCPs and Prebiotics to help your little one fight illness.
Foods that contain:
- Omega-3 enriched eggs
- Flax seeds
- Vegetable oils
- Some Growing-Up milks
- Chicory roots
- Jerusalem artichoke
- Some Growing-Up milks
Drinks also form an important part of any balanced diet, so think about what your child is drinking in a day. From the age of one, you can offer healthy drinks like water, milk, coconut milk, and diluted fresh fruit juices, but be careful that your child isn't filling up on drinks. Growing-up milks like Aptamil Junior 3 are a good idea for fussy eaters as they'll give you the peace of mind that your child is getting all the nutrition they need, even if they haven't eaten well that day.
“As you continue to expand your child’s menu with new tastes and textures, it’s normal for them to show a dislike for certain foods”
THE REASONS WHY YOUR CHILD MIGHT BE FUSSY EATER
There are several reasons why your child may be a fussy eater. These could include:
- Some children are especially sensitive to different tastes, smells or textures
- Picking up bad eating habits from those around them (including parents, siblings or other people they spend time with such as grandparents, childminders or friends)
- Sometimes parents or caregivers can accidentally encourage a fussy eater toddler by offering certain foods as rewards (forming the idea that some foods are good and some are bad), or only offering foods that they know a child likes and will eat
Of course, often there doesn’t seem to be a reason – some children are just picky eaters!
5 CREATIVE FOOD ALTERNATIVES FOR FUSSY TODDLERS
If your child is going through a very fussy stage, think about alternative ways to present and offer different foods to get all those important nutrients into them:
Healthy snacks for kids
You should never give up on structured mealtimes, but offering healthy and nutritious snacks in-between can give you extra peace of mind. Homemade muffins and oat bars full of nuts and fruit can tempt even the fussiest eaters. You could also try baking thin slices of sweet potato, parsnip, beetroot and carrot to make healthy homemade ‘crisps’ that the whole family will love.
Cool kids lunch box ideas
Once you understand how to eat healthy at home, you can ensure that your child is also eating well outside of the home – at their nursery or with grandparents, for example. Fill your child’s lunchbox with fun finger foods and healthy dips, shaped sandwiches, colourful fruit pots full of sliced fruits and berries, and little treats like raisins or homemade oat balls.
Some children simply hate sitting at a table, so why not consider spreading a blanket out on the floor or the grass outside for a fun picnic lunch? Pack up plenty of finger foods and you could even take your lunch to the park or beach.
Sometimes parents have to be a little bit sneaky to get their child to eat vegetables. Try hiding vegetables in ragus, stews, soups or tagines to get extra goodness into your fussy eater – you could even blend the vegetables down to make them completely invisible!
Supplement with Growing Up milk
Two cups of a growing-up milk like Aptamil Junior 3 a day will ensure that your fussy 1-3 year old will get all the nutrition that they need – even if they’re not eating very much at mealtimes.
“There are lots of things you can do to help encourage your fussy eater to try a wider variety of different foods”
HOW TO MAKE HEALTHY EATING & NUTRITION FUN FOR CHILDREN
There are lots of things you can do to help encourage your fussy eater to try a wider variety of different foods. Try these tips to help make mealtimes fun and fuss-free:
They say that we ‘eat with our eyes’ and the same goes for children. If the food looks fun and appealing on the plate then your child is more likely to want to give it a try. Think about different ways you can present their food. You’ll find lots of suggestions online but here are some ideas for starters:
- Present chopped fruit or vegetables in a colourful pattern
- Use cookie cutters to cut things like sandwiches and pancakes into different shapes
- Form the food into a smiley face on the plate
- Make fruit kebabs with a yogurt or peanut butter dipping sauce (use lollipop sticks and always supervise)
- Use an ice-cream scoop to serve rice or mash in perfect ‘ice-cream’ balls drizzled with curry or stew
- Spaghetti makes a great ‘bird’s nest’ – add meatball ‘eggs’!
Think finger foods
If your child doesn’t like being fed or finds using cutlery difficult, offer finger foods instead. Finger foods make fun snacks for kids but can also be served at mealtimes too. Anything that can be sliced into an easily graspable shape can be served as a finger food, including:
- Carrot, cucumber and pepper batons
- Mangetout, sugarsnap peas and babycorn
- Bread sticks or fingers of toast
- Strips or cubes of cheese
- Homemade breaded fish or vegetable fingers
- Homemade banana bread
- Avocado slices
- Homemade chicken nuggets
- Homemade fish and potato cakes
- Roasted carrot or sweet potato strips
- Roasted potato wedges
What your child eats from can play a big part in making mealtimes fun. Invest in a personalised plate, tablewear featuring their favourite TV characters or a bright set of bowls to capture their interest.
‘Playing shops’ can be great fun for children, and it can also have the added bonus of getting them excited about food. Take your child shopping and get them involved in choosing the best fruit and veg, finding fun, healthy snacks for kids or paying the cashier at the till. You could also treat them to a toy food shop or food set to play with at home.
Encourage a little chef
You could get your child involved in the cooking – there are lots of fun recipes for kids that you could try making together. Let them help to shape things like homemade burgers, meatballs, fishcakes or patties, get them stirring and mixing, or let them help to put the food onto the plates.
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