Baby Health

A baby’s immune system takes time to develop fully, which is why it’s so important to ensure it gets a helping hand from the right nutrients. If you’re breastfeeding, key nutrients and protective factors like antibodies come directly from your breastmilk. Your breastmilk will also provide prebiotic oligosaccharides, which encourage the growth of healthy bacteria to protect them.

This section looks at how your baby’s immune system operates; how everything from a natural childbirth to immunisation against diseases can help to boost it.

Baby Teething

That very first baby tooth is an exciting milestone for many parents – usually appearing when your baby is between four and seven months old. However, some babies can be born with their first tooth, while others will start to teeth later than average. Remember that all babies are unique and will hit their milestones at their own pace!

The American Dental Association (ADA) recommends that you take your baby for their first dental checkup either within six months of their first tooth appearing, or by their first birthday – whichever comes sooner. If your baby is showing no signs of teething by age one, your dentist or doctor can check that there are no issues to be concerned about.

Of course, baby teething is an ongoing process. The front top and bottom teeth are usually the first to appear, while the second molars are often the last, breaking through at around two to three years old.

While the primary teeth are breaking through, a teething baby can suffer some pain and discomfort. Let’s look at the signs of teething and what can be done to help ease your baby’s sore gums.

Signs of teething

Although the teething age can vary, there are some teething signs that you can watch out for. These include:

  • Red, sore gums.
  • Flushed cheeks (or just one cheek).
  • Dribbling more than usual.
  • Trying to bite and chew on objects.
  • Trouble sleeping.
  • More irritable or difficult to settle than usual.
  • Rubbing his face or grabbing his ears.
  • Putting his hands in his mouth.
  • Loss of appetite.

What is teething fever?

While some people report their baby suffering from a raised temperature while teething, teething and fever do not necessarily go together. In fact, research by the American Academy of Pediatrics found that, while a slight rise in body temperature is normal for a teething baby, a true fever (of over 38℃ or 100.4℉) is not.

If your baby has a fever, or other symptoms such as diarrhea, lack of appetite, lethargy or vomiting, seek medical advice from your doctor as soon as possible.

What is the order of tooth eruption in infants?

The following list shows the most typical order of tooth eruption in babies and children, although you shouldn’t be concerned if your baby’s teeth come through in a different order. If a tooth seems to be showing no signs of coming through as expected, however, your baby’s dentist can advise.

Baby teeth eruption chart
Upper teethEruptShed
Central incisor8 to 12 months6 to 7 years
Lateral incisor9 to 13  months7 to 8 years
Canine (cuspid)16 to 22 months10 to 12 years
First molar13 to 19 months9 to 11 years
Second molar25 to 33 months10 to 12 years
Lower teethEruptShed
Second molar23 to 31 months10 to 12 years
First molar14 to 18  months9 to 11 years
Canine (cuspid)17 to 23 months9 to 12 years
Lateral incisor10 to 16 months7 to 8 years
Central incisor6 to 10 months6 to 7 years

Baby teething remedies

While you might be eagerly awaiting those first teeth, it’s never nice to see your baby in discomfort. It’s possible to ease the symptoms of teething by trying the following teething remedies:

  • Let your baby bite on a clean, safe teething toy (avoid teethers that contain liquid which could leak).
  • Keep your baby’s teething ring in the fridge for extra relief.
  • If your baby is over six months old and eating solid foods, give him cool, soft foods like banana and cucumber to chew on. (As always, supervise your baby while eating and keep an eye out for signs of allergies when introducing new foods.)
  • Chilled boiled water in a sippy cup, or cold fruit puree or yogurt, could also help soothe an older baby. They might also enjoy biting on the spoon!
  • Teething gels are available but they’re thought to only offer very temporary relief. If you do decide to use a teething gel, make sure that it’s sugar-free and suitable for the age of your baby. Also ensure that you only use the amount instructed by your doctor.

Looking after baby’s teeth

Once baby has his very first tooth, you’ll need to keep it clean! The UK National Health Service recommends using a tiny smear of fluoride toothpaste on a baby toothbrush. Get your baby used to the routine of tooth brushing to care for their smile and help develop good habits for when they’re older.

Teething can be a difficult time for baby and parent, but teething pain should only be temporary. If your baby seems to be suffering for a prolonged period, or is very distressed, speak to your doctor.

Contact us

Our team of experts is ready to answer your questions and support you on your journey from pregnancy to toddlerhood. For more information and relevant advice, please contact us between 9am–6pm from Saturday to Thursday:

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