YOUR CHILD'S GROWTH

You will find useful information needed to pamper your child’s need.

Especially from toddler-age onwards, children develop at different rates, and that’s completely fine, but here is a rough breakdown of what to expect in your 3 — 6 year-old’s development and a few tips for how you can encourage it.

  • 3 years
  • 4 years
  • 5 years
  • PHYSICAL FEATURES & GROSS MOTOR SKILLS

    PHYSICAL FEATURES & GROSS MOTOR SKILLS

    What most 3 years old toddlers do at this age?

    • Are about half their adult height
    • Has improved balance
    • Has all 20 primary teeth
    • Needs 11 – 13 hours of sleep a day
    • Can briefly balance and hop on one foot
    • May walk up the stairs with alternating feet , without holding the rail
    • Can construct a block tower of more than nine cubes
    • Can easily place small objects in a small opening
    • Can copy a circle
    • Can pedal a tricycle
  • SENSORY & COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

    SENSORY & COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

    What most 3 years old toddlers do at this age?

    • Composes sentences of three words
    • Counts three objects
    • Uses plurals and pronouns (he/she)
    • Frequently asks questions
    • Can dress self, only requiring assistance with laces, buttons, and other fasteners
    • Feeds self without difficulty
    • Has some decrease in separation anxiety for short periods of time
    • Fears imaginary things
    • Knows own name, age, and gender (boy/girl)
    • Starts to share
  • SOCIAL

    SOCIAL

    How can you encourage your 3 years old toddler’s cognitive development, by playing?

    • Provide a safe play environment and constant supervision.
    • Provide the necessary space for physical activity.
    • Help your child participate and learn the rules of sporting activities.
    • Monitor both the time and content of television viewing.
    • Visit local areas of interest.
    • Encourage your child to help with small household chores, such as helping set the table or picking up toys.
    • Encourage play with other children to help develop social skills.
    • Read together.
    • Encourage your child to learn by answering questions.
    • Provide activities related to your child’s particular interests.
    • Encourage your child to use words to express feelings rather than acting out.
  • PHYSICAL FEATURES & GROSS MOTOR SKILLS

    PHYSICAL FEATURES & GROSS MOTOR SKILLS

    What most 4 years old toddlers do at this age?

    • Gains weight at the rate of about 6 grams per day
    • The average 4 year old weighs 18 kilos and is 40 inches tall
    • Sleeps 11 to 13 hours, usually without a nap
    • Grows to a height that is double the length at birth
    • Hops on one foot without losing balance
    • Throws a ball overhand with coordination
    • Can cut out a picture using scissors
    • May still wet the bed which is normal
  • SENSORY & COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

    SENSORY & COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

    What most 4 years old toddlers do at this age?

    • Has a vocabulary of more than 1,000 words
    • Easily puts together sentences of four or five words
    • Can use the past tense
    • Can count to five and above
    • Will ask the most questions of any age
    • May use words that aren’t fully understood
    • May begin using vulgar words
    • Learns and sings simple songs
    • Tries to be very independent
    • May show increased aggressive behavior
    • Talks about personal family matters to others
    • Commonly has imaginary playmates
    • Has an increased understanding of time
    • Is able to tell the difference between two objects based on things like size and weight
    • Lacks moral concepts of right and wrong
    • Rebels if too much is expected of him or her
  • SOCIAL

    SOCIAL

    How can you encourage your 4 years old toddler’s cognitive development, by playing?

    • Encourage and provide space for physical activity
    • Show the child how to participate in, and follow the rules of sporting activities
    • Encourage play and sharing with other children
    • Teach children to do small chores, such as setting the table
    • Read together
    • Limit television watching to 2 hours a day of quality programs
    • Expose the child to different stimuli by visiting local areas of interest
  • PHYSICAL FEATURES & GROSS MOTOR SKILLS

    PHYSICAL FEATURES & GROSS MOTOR SKILLS

    What most 5 years old toddlers do at this age?

    • Erupting the first permanent teeth (most children do not get their first permanent teeth until age 6)
    • Developing increased coordination
    • Skipping, jumping, and hopping with good balance
    • Maintaining balance while standing on one foot with eyes closed
    • Showing increased skill with simple tools and writing utensils
    • Can copy a triangle
    • Spreads with a knife
  • SENSORY & COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

    SENSORY & COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

    What most 5 years old toddlers do at this age?

    • Vocabulary increasing to over 2,000 words
    • Composing sentences of 5 or more words, and with all parts of speech
    • Identifying coins
    • Counting to 10
    • Knows telephone number
    • Properly naming the primary colors and possibly many more
    • Responding to “why” questions
    • Behaving more responsibly and apologizing for mistakes
    • Decreasing aggressive behavior
    • Outgrowing earlier childhood fears
    • Accepting other points of view (but may not understand them)
    • Demonstrating increased mathematical skill
    • Questioning others, including parents
    • Strongly identifying with the parent of the same sex
    • Having a group of friends
    • Engaging in imaginative play (for example, a trip to the moon)
  • SOCIAL

    SOCIAL

    How can you encourage your 5 years old toddler’s cognitive development, by playing?

    • Reading together
    • Providing the necessary space for physical activity
    • Monitoring both the time and content of television viewing
    • Visiting local areas of interest
    • Encouraging the child to take responsibility for small household chores, such as helping set the table or picking up toys after playing

Note:Do you want to make sure your child is on track every step of the way? Use this checklist to see which developmental milestone's he or she's made and which you can expect soon. Remember that children develop at different rates & if you have concerns about your child’s development, contact a medical professional.